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Acne Antibiotics

Antibiotics For Acne

Picture of Acne Antibiotics A lot of people are curious as to why antibiotics are employed for treating acne. In order to understand this, they must first know how acne is triggered. Acne takes place due to the changes in hormones found in the hair, hair follicle as well as the sebaceous gland. Because of this, the hair follicles get clogged and there will be an overgrowth of the normal flora in skin which will cause destruction in the lining of the skin follicle. This will in turn allow various follicular material to enter the dermis, causing an inflammation and then eventually, an acne outbreak. What is the role of antibiotics in all of these? Let's see.

Antibiotics Role

There are lots of ways on how antibiotics help in treating acne. The antibiotic's main role is to reduce the amount of bacteria found in and around the hair follicle. Another thing that antibiotic can do is to reduce the irritating chemicals that white blood cells can produce. Last but not the least, antibiotics also have the capability to reduce the amount of free fatty acids in the sebum, thereby reducing the inflammatory response.

Now that we've got all this information down pat, let's move on to the list of acne antibiotics. Listed below are some of the most commonly used acne antibiotics today.

  • Clindamycin. Oral Clindamycin is a very popular acne antibiotic however most doctors would prefer to prescribe topical clindamycin for acne. The usual dosage strength of clindamycin for acne is around 75 to 150 mg per day. The most common side effect that come with the use of this antibiotic is pseudomembranous colitis, an intestinal infection.
  • Tetracycline. Today, Tetracycline is the most commonly prescribe acne antibiotic. Common dosage strength prescribed is about 500mg per day. Once a significant decrease in lesions is observed, the doctor will then decide to reduce the dosage to 250mg. This antibiotic is best taken on an empty stomach. Oral tetracycline is contraindicated for pregnant women as well as children under 9 years old.
  • Erythromycin. The use of this antibiotic is not as popular as tetracycline but it is usually prescribed too. This acne antibiotic offers greater advantages than using tetracycline. Apart from killing the bacteria, this antibiotic also has the ability to reduce redness in the lesion due to its anti-inflammatory properties. It can also be taken with food. Usual dosage of erythromycin is 250-500mg twice a day.
  • Doxycycline. This antibiotic is used as an alternative for erythromycin as well as tetracycline. Usual dosage of doxycycline is around 50 to 100mg daily. As opposed to Tetracycline, this antibiotic should be taken with food in order to avoid nausea.

Guidelines in the Use of Antibiotics for Acne

  • Take the whole prescription. There should be no tablets left in the bottle after your treatment.
  • Always keep into consideration that there are some antibiotics which are best taken with food while others should be taken without food. Know which these antibiotics are.
  • As much as you can, avoid sleeping or lying after taking your antibiotics.

Follow all these guidelines and you will surely say good bye to acne in no time!